What is TMJ?

What is TMJ?

The letters TMJ describe the ‘Temporal Mandibular Joint’ that connects your lower jaw to your head. Some people use the letters TMD where the D stands for Dysfunction. TMJ, TMD and TMJ/D all mean the same thing.

This joint is the most complex, unique and hard-working joint in the human body. It can move backward, forwards, left, right, up, down diagonally and in every conceivable direction. The jaw bone connects with the head bone, shock absorbers called discs, cushion and help ease the stress of the bone moving on bone.

This joint can be subject to trauma, displacement of the discs, grinding, overbuilt crowns or bridges, misalignment of teeth, wear and tear, bone spurs, disc impingement and compression of disc fluid can all cause extreme pain.

Symptoms of TMJ/D can vary from mild discomfort to excruciating, debilitating pain that can often be mistaken for other health issues.

  • Face Pain – ringing ears
  • Neck pain – Clenching
  • Jaw pain – Grinding
  • Upper back pain – Lockjaw
  • Lower back pain – Shooting/electric shock head pains
  • Muscle tenderness – Clicking/ Popping of the jaw
  • Headaches/ Migraines – Teeth feeling unbalanced
  • Shoulder pain – Pain on opening or closing mouth
  • Gagging – Troubles sleeping
  • Waking with sore cheek muscles
  • Troubles getting jaw moving

Who’s at risk?

Everyone is at risk of developing TMJ/D issues. Sometimes the problems develop when the upper and lower jaw don’t reach their genetic potential. If a child is nutritionally deficient and breathes through their mouth the tongue doesn’t create enough outward pressure to produce the ideal jaw width, a narrow high palate can be a contributing factor to TMJ/D issues particularly as the child moves from baby teeth to adult teeth. Sometimes fillings, bridge work or crowns can cause the jaws to become misaligned and sprain the jaw joints.

Current conventional treatment?

The current conventional treatment for TMJ/D includes, massage, physiotherapy, chiropractic, acupuncture, craniology and conventional dental therapy can involve splint therapy, surgery, orthodontics, crowns, bridges and full mouth rebuilds.

Our Approach?

Our approach is conservative and painless. We use biophotonics (also knows as low level laser therapy) to help the damaged tissue restore. We use exclusion zone water, magnesium sprays, special SOS appliances, facia release using SOS hand tool, Tscan to analyze misalignment of any or all teeth. Essentially, we see TMJ problems as you would observe a bad sprain, the scientific treatment for a bad sprain is RICE (Rest, Ice, compress, elevate) and we achieve this with a unique system called SOS that is designed for each individuals teeth and jaw joints. Nutritionally, the primary requirements are magnesium, vitamin D, and B12.

Diagnosis is the first step. We use:

  • History of the condition
  • Ultrasonography
  • MRI
  • T-scan
  • Electromuscular (EMG)
  • Palpation.


  • Muscle relaxation ointments
  • Muscle relaxation nutrients
  • T-scan to balance the bite
  • EMG
  • Specialised orthotic sliders (SOS)
  • Posture training
  • Breathing training
  • Position of the tongue
  • Bio- Photonics sometimes called Low Level Laser or cold laser

We treat the jaw joints as other physical therapists treat sprained ankles. The honoured protocols are R.I.C.E meaning Rest, Immobilise, Compress, Elevate. Obviously, this is more involved with strains in the jaw joints, but we have the answers!

The Holistic approach?

TMJ dysfunction can involve both soft and hard tissue damage. Bone, Fascia, muscle fibres, cells and synovial fluid can be torn or broken. We heal to the cellular level.

The good news is that no matter how the cells and tissue have been abused, they can come back into balance with our help.